The Bridge Institution Tool is a tool used by regulatory authorities in the resolution process of failing banks. It is designed to provide a temporary solution for banks which are unable to continue in their normal operations. In essence, the tool enables the government to take control of a failing bank and establish an interim institution to assume the liabilities of the failing bank. This allows the bank to be restructured and recapitalized in a manner that ensures the return of the bank to the private sector. The main objective of the Bridge Institution Tool is to reduce the economic impact of bank failure and to protect the interests of depositors.